In Portugal Micobacteriosis in bovine and large game (mainly wild boars and red deer) is a chronic progressive disease mostly caused by Mycobacterium bovis - member of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTC). M. bovis it is considered a multi-host pathogen that can naturally infect many species of animals (ungulates, carnivores, rodents, lagomorphs, …). Portugal has under implementation a robust eradication bovine tuberculosis program that includes testing, slaughter of infected animals and movement restrictions on infected herds, which is reinforced by active surveillance at abattoirs. But, despite the efforts made over the last years to eradicate bovine tuberculosis (bTB) several livestock hotspots remain infected, concerning authorities on reaching the final goal (eradication). In some regions, difficulties in eradicating bovine tuberculosis in cattle may be related to the occurrence of tuberculosis in large game species living in areas around herds. The severe problem of tuberculosis in large game in these regions, was already identified by the National Veterinary Authority (Direção Geral de Alimetação e Veterinária - DGAV) which, in 2011, stated them as “Epidemiologic Risk Area for Bovine Tuberculosis in Large Game” and published an internal law (Edital n.º 1) describing mandatory rules for each driving hunt organized within these areas.
Mycobacterium bovis it is a zoonotic agent. According to EFSA (European Food Safety Authority) report, in 2013, 134 confirmed cases of human tuberculosis due to M. bovis were reported in the EU by nine Member States (0.03 cases per 100,000 population). Most cases were reported in Ireland, Germany, the United Kingdom and Spain. In this report, Portugal notified a case in 2009. Although the scarce knowledge on zoonotic Mycobacterium bovis infection in Portugal, it is known that, in our country, potentially exists some risks factors to public health related to bovine and game transmission. Those will be highlighted in this conference.
The seminar is free, and all are welcome (including members of the public) without needing to book a place.
Note: To obtain a certificate of attendance is necessary a personal request on the same day, at the Secretariat Office of the Institute.
Graduated in Veterinary Medicine in 1984 (UTAD – University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro). Master of Science in Animal Production in 1999 (UTAD). PhD in Veterinary Science in 2006 (“Salmonella in slaughtered pigs”).Previously to the academic activity (1994-1998), worked as official veterinarian especially on meat inspection at slaughterhouse. The academic activity as a teacher at UTAD began in 1999 and since 2006 she´s Associated Professor at the Veterinarian Science Department, lecturing on food inspection and food safety mainly in the Integrated Master of Veterinary Medicine and other Master courses related to Food Safety. Additionally, teaches and coordinates several advanced training for Veterinarian in the field of meat inspection (animal production and game) under cooperation with the Veterinarian National Authorities.
Researcher of the Animal and Veterinary Research Centre (Since 2006) – UTAD - where, coordinated (2010-2013) the Research Group on Food Quality and Safety and Public Health. The main research focus is on zoonotic diseases and bacterial biological hazards, meat inspection in slaughtered (and hunted) animals for human consumption (mainly game, swine and poultry) as well as animal welfare. In these areas published international and national scientific documents in journals, books and conferences, and participated in national and international research projects. Also supervising several Master and PhD research projects, some of them in collaboration with the industry and Veterinary National Authority. It is responsible for several protocols that aim to promote collaborative work, development and training in food hygiene and safety.
Since 2015 July assumes the Director position of the Laboratory of Technology, Quality and Food Safety Laboratory in UTAD.
Currently holds the position of president of WAVES-Portugal (since 2012) and WAVES International Society (2015) - Wild Animals Vigilance Euromediterranean Society.