The Role Played by Pharmacies in the Provision of Oral Health Care Advice in Main Centres on Viti Levu, Fiji AND An Overview and Crosscutting enabling factors of Community Health Worker Program in Fiji Islands.
Schedule
27.01.2017
02:00pm to 04:00pm
Location
ISPUP
Description

The Role Played by Pharmacies in the Provision of Oral Health Care Advice in Main Centres on Viti Levu, Fiji.

Suneil Nath (1) and Bernadette Pushpaangaeli (2)

(1) Lecturer – Dental Public Health, Fiji School of Medicine, CMNHS, Fiji National University.
(2) Associate Dean Student Life, Fiji School of Medicine, CMNHS, Fiji National University.

 


The role of pharmacies is continually developing, thus an opportunity to integrate screening and monitoring of oral health related problems at a more convenient level for patients. To determine what oral health care advice is provided to patients presenting to the pharmacies with an oral health related problem, concern or enquiry. Open and closed ended questions relating to the nature of service(s) provided, attitudes and perceptions, challenges related to provision of oral health care advice and range of products were included in the survey questionnaire. Total sampling was used and all 39 retail pharmacies on Viti Levu were requested to participate in this study. Thirty five pharmacists and seventy support staff agreed to participate in this survey. Mouth ulcers, toothaches and bleeding gums were reported as the major ailments that people presented with, by majority of the participants in this survey. Patients were advised to see a dentist and were given oral hygiene instructions in 100% of cases presenting whilst 81% gave short term pain relief. All pharmacies had products for pain relief, oral hygiene assistance and products related to smoking cessation. Most of the pharmacists knew where the nearest dental practice was, were willing to play a role in promotional activities. The participants expressed that their capacity to assist were impeded by the absence of a formal system of referral, and the lack of an institutionalized culture of coloration by various health care providers. The dental profession needs to collaborate closely with pharmaceutical profession in order to provide efficient care and access to information. With their commendable attitudes pharmacists and their staff can assist in improving oral health care in Fiji.

 

 

An Overview and Crosscutting enabling factors of Community Health Worker Program in Fiji Islands.

 Mudaliar J (1), Silva S (2), Mohammed J (3), Freitas C (2)

(1) College of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Fiji National University, Suva, Fiji.

(2) ISPUP-EPI Unit, Universidade do Porto, Portugal

(3) School of Interprofessional Health Studies, Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand

 

Fiji signed the Declaration of Alma Ata at the World Health Organization (WHO) International Conference on Primary Health Care in the year 1978. They accepted the goal of primary health care which is to provide essential, accessible and affordable health care for the public through the community health worker (CHW) program.   The WHO definition of CHWs is “Community health workers should be members of the communities where they work, should be selected by the community, should be answerable to the communities for their activities, should be supported by the health system but not necessarily a part of its organization and have shorter training than professional workers”. (1) CHWs are widely used in various health programs including general primary health care and target health programs which are disease specific. However, little is known about the effectiveness of these CHW programs in Fiji. I will be presenting preliminary findings of a qualitative study with interviews of forty stakeholders in the central division of Fiji Islands. The first half of the presentation will be on overview of community health worker program in Fiji Islands and the second half will be focused on the enabling factors and barriers identified by various stakeholders interviewed. 

 

Reference

  1. Koskan AM, Hilfinger Messias DK, Friedman DB, Brandt HM, Walsemann KM. Program planners' perspectives of promotora roles, recruitment, and selection. Ethnicity & health. 2013;18(3):262-79.
Speakers
Suneil Nath
Affiliation
Dental Public Health, Fiji School of Medicine, CMNHS, Fiji National University.

Qualifications include Bachelor in Dental Surgery with Deans Honors, BDS (2008) and Postgraduate Diploma in Education-Tertiary Teaching (2012), University of the South Pacific. Master’s in Public Health (in progress). Registered as a general dental practitioner with the Fiji Medical and Dental Council. Current position held as general dental practitioner and Lecturer at the Department of Oral Health, College of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Fiji National University.  Previous work experience includes hospital and school based dental services. Former member of the Fiji Dental Association and International Association of Dental Research – ANZ Division. Research interests include dental public health issues, epidemiology, biostatistics and clinical specialization interest in orthodontics and dental aesthetics disciplines.

Jyotishna Mudaliar
Affiliation
College of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Fiji National University, Suva, Fiji

Bio data

Name

Jyotishna Mudaliar

Position

Research Fellow at the College of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, University of Fiji

Email address

Jyotishna.mudaliar@gmail.com

QUALIFICATION

Master’s in Public Health

Department of Public Health, College of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Fiji National University: Feb 2013 – present

Enrolled in the Masters in Public Health at the University of Porto under the ERASMUS mobility Program.

Masters in International Research Bioethics (MIRB)

Monash University, Melbourne, Australia

Feb 2009- May 2010

Post Graduate Diploma in Public Health

Department of Public Health, College of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Fiji National University: Feb 2006 –Dec 2008

Bachelor in Nursing Health (Post registration)

Central Queensland University, Suva Campus, Fiji Islands

March 2003-2005

Diploma in Nursing

School of Nursing at the College of Medicine Nursing and Health Sciences within Fiji National University: March 1999- 2002 

Research Area

-          Clinical Research: Maternal health, Sexual  and Reproductive  Health

-          Public Health/ Primary health care/ Community health

-          Bioethics: Health Research Ethics

-          Health research capacity building