MAPLIA - Moving from Air Pollution to Local Integrated Assessment
Portuguese national funding agency for science research and technology
Universidade de Aveiro • Instituto de Saúde Pública da Universidade do Porto • Universita Degli Studi di Brescia
Integrated assessment models for air quality planning (encompassing health impact assessment) have already been formulated and implemented at the continental scale, as the RAINS and GAINS models. However, they are not designed for and are not detailed enough to support the Air Quality Managers at the sub-national scale (either sectorally or geographically), particularly in urban areas where a major share of the European population lives and where health impacts are more pertinent. Integrated assessment in terms of local air quality compliance, must therefore be a bottom-up approach which links decision making, air quality (often non linear) dynamics, source identification and consequent health impacts in a customised but consistent way to suit the capability and needs of each local situation.
This is the rational for the MAPLIA project: to analyze the feasibility of an IA bottom-up approach for air quality planning, tailored to the local features, for which the policies defined at European or country level constitute an overarching policy constraint. The specific objectives of MAPLIA are:
i. to perform an overall review of the methodologies, from simple (e.g. scenario approach) to more comprehensive ones (e.g. full cost-benefit analysis), used in different EMS to address and assess the impact of local and regional air quality plans and their health implications. As part of the review special attention will be given to Portuguese PPs and a particular PP will be selected and characterised as MAPLIA case study.
ii. to select, characterise and adapt an integrated assessment model (IAM) to be applied locally.
iii. to test the designed tool to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of different scenarios/measures to improve the air quality.
iv. to communicate with key stakeholders, and in particular to policy-makers state of the art scientific knowledge on emission abatement assessment.