The Perinatal and Pediatric Epidemiology group (PPEg) brings together researchers with different clinical and scientific backgrounds and diverse professional experiences but with a clear and common interest in the period of life that encompasses reproduction, intrauterine development and the two first decades of life. In the last five years, individually or as a result of multiple inter-collaborations and partnerships, 238 international papers were published, were PIs of 6 projects competitively funded, and supervised 5 doctoral completed theses.
The PPEg focused on 5 major research lines: (1) sexual and reproductive health; (2) preterm birth and health of preterm infants; (3) child physical, socio-emotional and mental development; (4) early events defining oral health; (5) social aspects of growth and educational integration.
The specific objectives are:
- To understand and forecast the performance of health care systems, its utilization and impact on health indicators, both national and internationally, producing information on evidence-based interventions and their role in pregnancy outcomes, maternal and child health, namely children development, and in the long run as trajectories for the development of diseases in adult life;
- To study the effect of maternal characteristics on the development of early cardiovascular risk factors and the effect of postnatal growth and early puberty on the development adiposity and cardiometabolic health;
- To study the role of perinatal exposures on development and mental health, identifying factors of vulnerability and resilience with a special focus on genetic and epigenetic features;
- To study health care services and the long-term outcomes of extremely preterm babies;
- To assess and deal with mother and child vulnerability in migrant population;
- To continue international cooperation among birth cohorts, by being involved in European consortiums such as European Birth Cohorts Network and Euro-Peristat.