16.07.2018 - 15.07.2022

HIneC - When do health inequalities start? Understanding the impact of childhood social adversity on health trajectories from birth to early adolescence

PTDC/SAU-PUB/29567/2017 (POCI-01-0145-FEDER-029567)

Financing Instituitions



Principal Investigator: Sílvia Fraga


Financiamento aprovado pelo Programa Operacional Competitividade e Internacionalização na sua componente FEDER, pela Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia, I.P.

Proponent: Instituto de Saúde Pública da Universidade do Porto

Financial Support:
Program: P2020|COMPETE - Projetos em Todos os Domínios Científicos
Financial Institution: FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia
Financial Geographic Scope: Nacional
Financing Agreement Date: 2018-05-14

Approval date: 2018-04-24
Start date: 2018-07-16
Estimated date of completion: 2022-07-15


Total Budget: 226.191,85 €



Low socioeconomic circumstances during childhood are shown to be associated with negative health outcomes in adulthood, and this effect seem to be independent of the social position achieved in adulthood. Little is known about health inequalities development in early life, particularly, when social inequalities matter most and when interventions may have potential to reverse negative consequences. The question driven of this research project is: “When do health inequalities emerge?”. This research will be integrated in the Generation XXI study, a Portuguese birth cohort established in 2005, involving 8647 babies born in Porto. The first wave took place at birth and participants have been invited to regular follow ups, namely at, 4, 7, 10 and 13 years. In the particular context of Portugal, this approach will provide a unique opportunity to explore when health inequalities start but also to conduct a natural experimental study to analyze the impact of policies adopted during this period as well as the impact of the recent economic recession in children trajectories of life and health.



Weekly Publication

Tobacco control in Portugal: stagnating with partial indoor smoking bans.
BMJ Tobacco Control
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